Behind The Scenes Of Web Development Technologies

Web development is a huge part of our world today and the scene is ever-evolving and changing. Have you ever wondered what web development technologies are? First, it’s best to talk about why you should even care about web development technologies and what it actually means.

Why You Should Care

Knowing what web development technologies are can help in many ways. You will be able to better understand your new website build or stay in the loop with what your developers are doing. Unless you plan on getting into development, a more general knowledge base is all you need.



Website browsers, like Google Chrome, are the interpreters of the web. They request information from websites and show it to you in a format you can easily see and understand. It takes web languages and makes them readable.

Web Languages

There are many different website languages to choose from. The three which go hand in hand with each other are Javascript, HTML, and CSS.

  • Javascript is a programming language used by all web browsers and a lot of frameworks. It’s also one of the most popular programming languages today.
  • HTML is a markup language, meaning it is a language which uses tags to define elements in a document. It uses standard words instead of the standard programming syntax. It is what websites are made with and what the browsers will interpret to show a webpage.
  • CSS, also known as Cascading Style Sheets, is what allows the designers to change the look of the page. From colors and fonts to animations or transitions, CSS is what makes the website look good. It does this by altering the HTML of the website.


An API, application programming interface, is like a delivery service. When you go to a restaurant, a waiter takes your order and delivers it to the chef. Once the chef finishes preparing your meal, the waiter then delivers it back to you. An API works like the waiter. You put in a request for information from an application, and the API delivers it to you.

An API works like the waiter in a restaurant.

Development Framework

Development frameworks are used in the creation of new software and applications. It acts as the foundation for developers to build from. Examples are React, Express, and Node.js.


A database is an organized collection of data and are split up into two categories; SQL (relational) and NoSQL (non-relational). SQL is very versatile and uses structured query language to define and manipulate data. MySQL and PostGreSQL are two of the more popular SQL databases. NoSQL has dynamic and unstructured data, which can be stored in many ways. MongoDB and FireStore are two of the most popular NoSQL databases.


A protocol is essentially a set of rules used. For the web, protocols are used for communication. HTTP and HTTPS are the most important protocols for the majority of people. Right now, SSL, secure sockets layer, is the standard technology for ensuring your internet connection is safe and secure. It protects any sensitive data being transmitted between two systems and stops others from accessing it. The two systems can be a server and your browser (like Amazon and Google Chrome) or two servers. 

An SSL protects the data by ensuring any data transferred remains impossible to read. There are encryption algorithms which scramble the data to stop hackers from being able to read it while it’s being sent between the two systems.

Data Formats

A data format is the specific shape data fields are put in. JSON, JavaScript Object Notation, is a syntax for storing and exchanging data. It’s quickly becoming the most popular data format. Its main purpose is for transmitting data between a web application and a server.

Server-side Vs Client-side

Server-side (PHP) is where an application is normally stored. Client-side requests are made and the server will get the information and respond to the request. 

Client-side (HTML, CSS, Javascript) can be a desktop computer, laptop, tablet, cellphone, etc. You use these to request information from the server-side of things. Often, there are multiple clients interacting with the same application which is stored on a server.

Wrap Up

There’s a lot of information to digest here about web development technologies. This is a good introduction to the subject and, as said before, there’s always more to learn. If you’re in the market for a new website build or need help with your marketing, Art Unlimited has the experts to help you. Contact us today to learn more!